This standard specifies terms and definitions, classification, nomenclature, technical requirements, labelling, claims, transport, storage and bottled drinking water consumer identification requirements for beverages.
This standard applies to the production, research and development of beverages, and the formulation of beverage product standards and other beverage-related standards.
This standard does not apply to drinking drugs.
The following documents are essential for the application of this document. For dated references, only the dated version applies to this document.
For undated references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB2760 National Food Safety Standard – Standard for the Use of Food Additives
GB7718 National Food Safety Standard General Rules for Labeling of Prepackaged Foods
GB8537 Drinking natural mineral water
GB/T10792 Carbonated drinks (soda)
GB14880 National Food Safety Standard – Standard for the Use of Food Nutrition Fortifiers
GB15266 Sports drink
GB17323 Bottled drinking water
GB/T21732 Milk-containing beverages
GB/T21733 Tea drink
GB28050 National Food Safety Standard General Rules for Nutrition Labeling of Prepackaged Foods
GB/T29602—2013 Solid Beverages
GB/T30767—2014 Coffee beverages
GB/T30885—2014 Vegetable protein beverages Soymilk and soymilk beverages
GB/T31121—2014 Fruit and vegetable juices and their beverages
GB/T31325 Vegetable Protein Drink Walnut Dew (Milk)
GB/T31326 Plant Beverages
QB/T2300 Plant Protein Drink Coconut Water and Reconstituted Coconut Water
QB/T2438 Plant Protein Drink Almond Dew
QB/T2439 Vegetable protein drink Peanut milk (dew)
QB/T4068 Tea concentrate for food industry
QB/T4221 Cereal beverage
QB/T4222 Compound Protein Drink
Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document
3.1 what is beverage, drinks
Products that have been packaged in a quantitative manner and are intended for direct drinking or are prepared with water in a certain proportion or brewed for drinking, and the ethanol content (mass fraction) does not exceed 0.5%.
Beverage concentrates or solid forms are also available.
3.2 what is beverage syrup
Processed based on food raw materials and/or food additives,
Products that are diluted with water or diluted with carbon dioxide in a certain proportion before drinking.
See Appendix A for the beverage classification diagram.
4.1 What is packaged drinking water
Water directly from the surface, underground or public water supply system as the water source, processed and sealed in a container for direct drinking.
4.1.1 What is natural mineral water
Naturally gushing from deep underground or collected by drilling, containing certain amounts of minerals, trace elements or other components, uncontaminated in a certain area and taking precautions to avoid pollution; under normal circumstances, its chemical composition , flow, water temperature and other dynamic indicators are relatively stable within the range of natural periodic fluctuations.
4.1.2 What is purified drinking water
Products made from water directly from the surface, underground or public water supply system through appropriate water purification and processing methods.
4.1.3 The other types of drinking water
18.104.22.168 What is natural spring water
Products made from natural spring water that springs from the ground or from underground springs collected by drilling wells that have not passed through a public water supply system.
22.214.171.124 What is natural drinking water
Products made from water from natural sources such as wells, mountain springs, reservoirs, lakes or alpine glaciers that have not passed through the public water supply system.
126.96.36.199 What is other drinking water
Drinking water other than 188.8.131.52, 184.108.40.206. For example, the water directly from the surface, underground or public water supply system is used as the water source, and after appropriate processing methods, a certain amount of minerals are added to adjust the taste, but no sugar or other food ingredients are added.
4.2 What is fruit, vegetable, juices, and, beverage
Liquid beverages made by processing or fermenting fruits and/or vegetables (including edible roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits) as raw materials.
4.2.1 What is fruit, vegetable, juice(puree)
Fermentable but unfermented juice and slurry products made from fruits or vegetables by physical methods (mechanical methods, water extraction, etc.);
Or add the same amount of water removed during processing to the concentrated fruit and vegetable juice (pulp) to restore the juice and serum products, such as original juice (non-reconstituted juice), fruit juice (reconstituted juice), vegetable juice, fruit pulp/ Vegetable pulp, compound fruit and vegetable juice (pulp), etc.
4.2.2 What is concentrated fruit, vegetable, juice (puree)
It is made from fruit or vegetable as raw material, and a certain amount of water is removed from fruit juice (pulp) or vegetable juice (pulp) extracted by physical methods. After adding the same amount of water removed during processing, it has juice (pulp) Or vegetable juice (pulp) should have characteristic products.
Products containing not less than two kinds of concentrated fruit juice (pulp), or concentrated vegetable juice (pulp), or concentrated fruit juice (pulp) and concentrated vegetable juice (pulp) are concentrated compound fruit and vegetable juice (pulp).
4.2.3 What is fruit, vegetable, juice(puree) beverage
Using fruit and vegetable juice (pulp) and concentrated fruit and vegetable juice (pulp) as raw materials, with or without adding other food raw materials and/or food additives, processed products, such as vegetable juice drinks, pulp (pulp) drinks, composite Fruit and vegetable juice beverages, fruit and vegetable juice beverage concentrates, fermented fruit and vegetable juice beverages, fruit beverages, etc.
4.3 What is protein beverage
Using milk or dairy products, or edible protein from other animal sources, or plant fruits, seeds or kernels containing certain protein as raw materials, with or without other food raw materials and/or food additives, processed or fermented prepared liquid beverages.
4.3.1 What is milk beverage
Processed or fermented products using milk or dairy products as raw materials, with or without other food ingredients and/or food additives. Such as formulated milk-containing beverages, fermented milk-containing beverages, lactic acid bacteria beverages, etc.
4.3.2 What is plant protein beverage
Products made by processing or fermenting one or more plant fruits, seeds or kernels containing certain protein as raw materials, with or without other food raw materials and/or food additives, such as soy milk (milk) , soy milk, soy milk (milk) drink, coconut milk (milk), almond milk
(milk), walnut dew (milk), peanut dew (milk), etc.
Products made by processing or fermenting two or more plant fruits, seeds, kernels, etc. containing a certain protein as raw materials, with or without other food raw materials and/or food additives, can also be called composite products. Plant protein drinks, such as peanut walnut, walnut almond, peanut almond complex plant protein drink.
4.3.3 What is mixed protein beverage
Products made from milk or dairy products, and one or more plant fruits, seeds or kernels containing a certain protein, with or without other food raw materials and/or food additives, processed or fermented .
4.3.4 Other protein beverages
Protein drinks other than 4.3.1~4.3.3.
4.4 What is carbonated beverage
Based on food raw materials and (or) food additives, processed liquid beverages filled with a certain amount of carbon dioxide gas under certain conditions, such as juice-type carbonated beverages, fruit-flavored carbonated beverages, cola-type carbonated beverages, Other carbonated beverages, etc., do not include beverages that produce carbon dioxide gas by fermentation itself.
4.5 What are beverages for special uses
Add liquid beverages with specific ingredients to suit all or some populations.
4.5.1 What is sports beverage
Nutrient components and their contents can adapt to the physiological characteristics of people who exercise or physical activity, can supplement water, electrolytes and energy for the body, and can be quickly absorbed.
4.5.2 What is nutritional beverage
Add an appropriate amount of food nutritional fortifiers to supplement the body’s nutritional needs of products, such as nutritional supplements.
4.5.3 What is energy beverage
Products that contain a certain amount of energy and add appropriate nutrients or other specific ingredients to supplement energy for the body, or accelerate energy release and absorption.
4.5.4 What is electrolyte beverage
Products that add minerals and other nutrients needed by the body to supplement the electrolytes and water consumed by the body’s metabolism.
4.5.5 others special usage beverage
Special purpose beverages other than 4.5.1~4.5.4.
4.6 What is flavored beverage
Liquid beverages that are processed or fermented using sugar (including table sugar and starch sugar) and/or one or more of sweeteners, acidity regulators, edible flavors (materials), etc. as the main means to adjust flavor, Such as tea-flavored beverages, fruit-flavored beverages, milk-flavored beverages, coffee-flavored beverages, flavored water beverages, and other flavored beverages.
Note: Flavored beverages without coloring treatment and without added sugar (including table sugar and starch sugar) are flavored water beverages, such as soda water beverages, mint water beverages, rose water beverages, etc.
4.7 What is tea beverage
Using tea leaves or water extracts of tea leaves or their concentrates, tea powder (including instant tea powder, ground tea powder) or fresh tea leaves as raw materials, with or without the addition of food raw materials and/or food additives, Processed liquid beverages, such as original tea juice (tea soup)/pure tea beverages, tea concentrates, tea beverages, fruit juice tea beverages, milk tea beverages, compound (mixed) tea beverages, other tea beverages, etc.
4.8 What is coffee beverage
Using coffee beans and (or) coffee products (ground coffee powder, coffee extract or its concentrate, instant coffee, etc.) as raw materials, with or without added sugar (table sugar, starch sugar), milk and (or) dairy products, Non-dairy creamer and other food raw materials and/or food additives, processed liquid beverages, such as espresso beverages, coffee beverages, decaffeinated coffee beverages, decaffeinated espresso beverages, etc.
4.9 What are botanical beverages
Liquid beverages are processed or fermented with plants or plant extracts as raw materials, with or without other food raw materials and/or food additives. Such as cocoa beverages, cereal beverages, herbal (herbal) beverages, edible mushroom beverages, algae beverages, and other plant beverages, excluding fruit and vegetable juices and their beverages, tea (type) beverages and coffee (type) beverages.
4.10 What is solid beverage
Powder, granule or block processed from food raw materials, food additives, etc., solid products for brewing or brewing, such as flavored solid beverages, fruit and vegetable solid beverages, protein solid beverages, tea solid beverages, Coffee solid beverages, plant solid beverages, special purpose solid beverages, other solid beverages, etc.
4.11 Other beverages
Beverages other than 4.1 to 4.10, of which products with specific health care functions can be claimed to be functional beverages with the approval of relevant state departments
5.1 The basic requirements shall comply with the provisions of Table 1.
Table 1 Basic requirements
|Product Category||basic requirements|
|drink natural mineral water||Execute according to GB8537|
|drinking pure water||Execute in accordance with GB 17323|
|Fruit and vegetable juices and their beverages||Execute in accordance with GB/T 3n21-201.1|
|protein drink||dairy beverages||Execute according to GB/T 21732|
|plant protein drink||Walnut dew (milk) is implemented in accordance with GB/T 31325|
|Peanut milk (dew) is implemented in accordance with QB/T 2439|
|Almond dew is implemented in accordance with QB/T 2438|
|Coconut water and reconstituted coconut water are implemented in accordance with QB/T 2300|
|Soymilk and soymilk beverages are implemented in accordance with GB/T 30885-2014|
|Vegetable protein beverages other than the above products, protein content (mass fraction) > 0 5 ‰|
|Compound protein drink||Execute according to QB/T 4222|
|Other protein drinks||Protein content (mass fraction) > 0 5 ‰|
|Carbonated drinks (soda)||Execute according to GB/T 10792|
|energy drink||Execute according to GB 15266|
|Tea (type) drinks||Execute in accordance with GB/T 21733 and QB/T 4068|
|Coffee (type) beverages||Execute in accordance with GB/T 30767-2014|
|plant drink||Execute according to GB/T 31326|
|cereal drinks||Execute according to QB/T 4221|
|solid drink||Execute in accordance with GB/T 29602-2013|
Beverages described in 4.1~4.9 and 4.11 can be added with carbon dioxide or contain carbon dioxide. Beverages containing carbon dioxide can be claimed as “gas-containing” or “gas-containing beverages”, and those with carbon dioxide gas content that meet the requirements of GB/T10792 can be called Carbonated drinks.
The beverage concentrate corresponding to the beverage category described in 4.2~4.9 and 4.11 should meet the technical requirements of the corresponding beverage category in Table 1 after being diluted according to the usage (edible) method or dilution ratio indicated on the label.
When two or more categories are cross-named for products, they shall meet the basic requirements of the corresponding categories at the same time, and the use of food additives and nutritional fortifiers shall comply with GB2760 and GB14880 according to the last category of product naming. Such as products claiming “fruit juice carbonated drinks”,
It should meet the basic requirements for fruit juice drinks and carbonated drinks in Table 1 at the same time, and the use of food additives and nutrient fortifiers should comply with the provisions of GB2760 and GB14880 for carbonated drinks.
Labels and claims
6.1 It should comply with the relevant regulations of GB7718 and GB28050.
6.2 A certain type of beverage that has undergone fermentation can be called a certain type of fermented beverage.
Transport and storage
7.1 The products should be protected from sunlight, rain and heavy pressure during transportation; products that need to be transported and stored in the cold chain should comply with the storage and transportation indicated on the product label.
7.2 It should not be mixed, transported or stored with toxic, harmful, odorous, volatile and corrosive items.
7.3 It should be stored in a clean, dark, dry, ventilated, pest-free and rodent-free warehouse.
7.4 The sealing part should not be immersed in water for a long time to prevent pollution.
Requirements for consumer identification of bottled drinking water
Encourage the use of coding, printing, connecting, pasting, spraying or other methods to set numbers, words, graphics, symbols or markings on bottled water packaging with a capacity of less than 600 mL that enable consumers to identify their drinking products. layers, regions, etc.
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