The bottling machine is a key piece of equipment for any beverage company, large or small. Properly functioning bottling machines are essential for ensuring that products are safely and securely packaged and ready for distribution. In this guide, we will cover the basic technical requirements for operating a bottling machine.
This standard specifies the terms and definitions, models, basic parameters and working conditions, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, signs, packaging, transportation and storage of plastic bottle washing, filling and capping machines.
This standard applies to rotary filling machines (hereinafter referred to as “filling machines”) for liquid low-temperature filling, normal temperature filling and hot filling of plastic bottles (hereinafter referred to as “bottle bodies”) sealed with threads.
This standard is mainly applicable to the filling of beverages, condiments and other products, but is not applicable to the filling of granular liquid materials, high-viscosity liquid materials, and the ultra-clean filling and aseptic filling of liquid materials.
The following documents are essential for the application of this document. For dated references, only the dated version applies to this document. For undated references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB/T191 Graphical signs of packaging, storage and transportation GB2894 Safety signs and their use guidelines GB/T3766 General technical conditions for hydraulic systems
GB5226.1-2008 Mechanical and Electrical Safety Mechanical and Electrical Equipment Part 1: General Technical Conditions GB5749 Hygienic Standard for Drinking Water
GB/T 7311 Packaging Machinery Classification and Model Compilation Method
GB/T 7932 General technical conditions for pneumatic systems
GB/T9969 Industrial Product Instruction Manual GB/T10792-2008 Carbonated Soft Drinks
GB/T132771 Compressed Air Part 1: Pollutant Purification Level GB/T13306 Label
GB/T13384 General Technical Conditions for Packaging of Mechanical and Electrical Products GB14881 General Hygienic Specification for Food Enterprises
GB/T162731 Graphical symbols for equipment – Part 1: General symbols GB16798 Food machinery safety and hygiene
GB/T17876 Plastic anti-theft caps for packaging containers
GB19891 Hygienic requirements for mechanical design of machinery safety
JB/T 7232 Simple method for determination of noise sound power level of packaging machinery JB7233 Safety requirements for packaging machinery
QB/T1868 Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) carbonated beverage bottle QB2357 Polyester (PET) still beverage bottle
QB/T2665 Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottle for hot filling
Preforms vs Parisons
Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
rinsing-filling-capping machine of plastic bottler
It is a packaging machine that can automatically complete the processes of flushing, filling and capping for the bottle body and is mechanically combined.
When the filling and rotating machine is running stably, the number of finished products produced per unit time is expressed in bottles/h.
When the filling and rotating machine is in stable production, the ratio of the number of finished products produced in the effective unit time to the rated production capacity of the equipment, expressed as a percentage.
The amount of water remaining in the bottle after the bottle has been rinsed.
A quantitative indicator of the deviation of the net content of the filling liquid in the finished bottle from the standard value.
liquid losing ratio
The percentage of the total loss of the filling liquid to the total consumption of the filling liquid during the normal operation of the filling and rotating machine.
bottle damaged ratio
The percentage of the number of damaged bottles to the total number of bottles used during the normal operation of the filling and rotating machine.
cap damaged ratio
The percentage of the number of damaged caps to the total number of caps used during the normal operation of the filling machine.
The product formed after rinsing, filling and capping.
qualified finishied product ratio
Under the condition that the cap opening torque and tightness test are qualified, the percentage of the number of finished products that pass the appearance and filling level difference test to the total number of finished products checked.
filling liquid contact area
A mechanical surface exposed to the filling liquid; the surface through which the filling liquid or other material flows, drips, penetrates or absorbs (self-reflexive) to the filling liquid or the surface in the container.
Non-filling liquid contact area
Areas other than the filling liquid contact area and splash area.
Type and basic parameters
According to the liquid filling temperature
|normal temperature filling machine,|
|low temperature filling machine|
|hot filling machine;|
According to the liquid filling pressure
|atmospheric filling machine|
|vacuum filling machine|
|pressure filling machine|
According to the liquid filling method
|equal pressure filling machine|
|differential pressure filling machine|
According to the gas content of liquid filling
|gas filling machine|
|non-gas filling machine|
Basic parameters of the filling machine
a) Filling capacity: mL or L;
b) Number of flushing heads: pcs;
c) Number of filling valves: pcs;
d) Number of capping heads: pcs;
e) Filling valve pitch: mm,
f) Applicable bottle type maximum and minimum size, diameter and height: mm;
g) The maximum and minimum size, diameter and height of applicable cover type: mm;
h) Production capacity: bottle/h;
i) Power: kW;
j) Rated voltage, frequency: v, Hz
The production water should comply with the provisions of GB 5749, and the pressure of the water source should not be less than 0.3 MPa;
The quality of compressed air should meet the requirements of GB/T 13277 · 1, and the pressure of the air source should not be less than 0 · 6 MPa;
When filling with gas, the pressure of carbon dioxide gas source is 0.6 MPa, 0.8 MPa; the power supply is 380 V/ 220 V, 50 Hz/60 HZ,
The deviation of the supply voltage from the rated voltage is kept within a range of 10%, +7%
The bottles and caps used in the product should comply with the relevant national or industry standards.
Polyester (PET) beverage bottles should comply with the regulations of QB/T 1868, QB 2357, and QB/T 2665, and recycled plastic bottles should not be used.
Plastic anti-theft bottle caps should comply with the provisions of GB/T 17876.
The product should have an independent filling room that meets the sanitary requirements of the production process.
Working environment temperature 5 ℃, 35 ℃,
The filling room shall comply with the relevant regulations of GB 14881.
The filling and rotating machine shall be in accordance with the drawings and techniques approved by the prescribed procedures.
The filling and rotating machine should run smoothly, and the moving parts should be sensitive, coordinated, free from obstruction and abnormal noise.
The gas circuit, liquid circuit, lubrication system and conveying pipeline of the filling and rotating machine should be unobstructed, flexible in control, no leakage, and should comply with the relevant national and industry standards.
The filling system of the filling and rotating machine should ensure that no bottles are filled, and the capping system should ensure that there are no bottles, one bottle and one cap, and the capping is flat.
- The production capacity of the filling and rotating machine should reach the rated production capacity, and the production efficiency of the filling machine should reach 95% of the rated production capacity.
- Taking a 500ml bottle as a standard bottle, after the bottle body is rinsed, the residual water content in the bottle should not exceed 2ml. The pH of the residual water in the bottle should be consistent with the pH of the rinse water. The pressure and volume of the flushing water should be sufficient to flush the inner surface of the bottle. When the flushing pressure is lower than the limit value, it will alarm and stop the machine.
- Filling accuracy should meet the following requirements
a) Filling finished products using the principles of flow, weighing and volume control, the filling accuracy should meet the requirements of 1, and the average actual content should meet the requirements of JJF1070;
b) For normal temperature filling machines and hot-filled finished products using the liquid level control principle, the liquid level difference in the bottle should not be greater than +/- 3mm, and the liquid level difference including filling should not be greater than +/- 4 mm.
- The loss rate of filling liquid should be no more than 05%.
- The bottle damage rate should not be greater than 01%.
- Cover loss rate should not be greater than 02%.
- The appearance quality of the finished product should meet the following requirements:
a) The surface of the finished product should be smooth and clean, without deformation, concave deflation and no standard damage;
b) There should be no high cover, crooked cover, broken cover, missing cover, deformation and breakage of the anti-theft ring at the sealing part of the finished product, and there should be no obvious scratches on the surface of the cover
- The cap opening torque shall comply with the provisions of GB/T17876, and the difference between the cap opening torque formed by each capping head and its own fluctuation value shall not be greater than ±0.4N·m.
- The finished product has been tested for tightness, and there should be no leakage at the seal.
- The carbon dioxide gas capacity in the finished bottle shall comply with the regulations in Table 1 of GB/T10792-2008 (no such requirement for filling without gas).
- The qualified rate of finished products shall not be less than 99.7%.
- The noise sound pressure level of the filling machine should not be greater than 85dB(A).
Table 1 Filling Accuracy
|Standard Net Content Qa mL(g)||Filling Accuracy mL(g)|
|>1000~2000||± [ 7. 5十0. 005（Q一1 000)]|
|>2000~10000||± [ 12· 5 + 0.002（Q一2 000)]|
Electrical Safety Requirements
- The filling and rotating machine should meet the requirements of GB52261-2008, safe, reliable, and accurate. The electrical connectors should be firmly connected and numbered; the operation buttons should be flexible, and the indicator lights should be normal. The protection level of the electrical cabinet should reach IP54. The protection level of electrical components in the filling liquid contact area and splash area reaches IP65.
- The insulation resistance measured when 500Vdc is applied between the power circuit wires and the protective bonding circuit shall not be less than 1M.
- All exposed conductive parts of the filling and rotating machine should be connected to the protective connection circuit according to the requirements of 821 in GB52261-2008. The connection between the grounding terminal or the grounding contact and the grounded metal part shall have a low resistance value, and its resistance value shall not exceed 01Ω. Check whether it is qualified or not by the grounding resistance test.
- The power circuit conductors of electrical equipment and the protective bonding circuit shall be subjected to a withstand voltage test for at least 1 s.
Safety and hygiene requirements
- The safety protection of the filling and rotating machine should meet the following requirements:
a) The safety protection of the filling and rotating machine shall comply with the provisions of B7233, there shall be safety protection devices, and warning signs shall be attached.
b) The filling and rotating machine should be provided with interlock protection. When the bottle body is stuck, lack of bottle and cap, lack of material or abnormal conditions, it should alarm and stop the machine.
c) There should be clear and eye-catching safety warning signs such as operation, lubrication, and anti-scalding on the filling and rotating machine. Safety signs shall comply with the provisions of GB2894 and GB/T162731.
d) The filling and rotating machine should have anti-loosening devices for the parts that are easy to fall off, the exposed rotating gears, pulleys, sprockets, etc. should have protective devices, and the reciprocating motion of the machine should have protective devices at the limit position.
e) All parts and fasteners such as bolts and nuts on the filling and rotating machine should be reliably fixed to prevent loosening and should not fall off due to vibration.
f) The filling and rotating machine should have an overload protection device. When the filling and rotating machine is overloaded, it should alarm and stop the machine.
g) The safety performance of the pneumatic system and hydraulic system shall comply with the provisions of GB/T7932 and GB/T3766.
h) The compressed air system should have safety devices.
2. The material parts of the filling and rotating machine and their safety and hygiene shall meet the following requirements:
a) The material in contact with the filling liquid of the filling and rotating machine shall comply with the provisions of GB16798. The hygiene and safety of the mechanical design of the filling and rotating machine shall meet the requirements of GB19891.
b) The raw materials and outsourced supporting parts used in the filling and rotating machine should have the quality certificate of the manufacturer.
c) The material of the rubber seals in contact with oxidizing and corrosive media in the filling and rotating machine should be resistant to oxidation and corrosion. For example, fluorine rubber, silicone rubber, ethylene propylene rubber, etc.
The lubricant used by the filling and rotating machine in the lubricating parts that may cause contamination of the filling liquid should be food grade, and should not flow into the filling liquid: coolants, detergents, disinfectants, compressed air, etc. should not be mixed with the filling liquid and filling containers. A series of pollution caused by interaction should be resistant to chemical and mechanical action, easy to clean and sterilize, and should meet the requirements of food hygiene.
e) The surfaces and coatings of materials used in the parts of the filling machine to be cleaned shall be durable, washable, sterilizable if necessary, free from cracks, crack-resistant, chip-resistant, spall-resistant, erosion-resistant, rust-resistant and wear-resistant, And it can prevent the intrusion of dirt in the intended use.
f) The surface of the filling liquid contact area should be smooth, smooth, easy to clean or sterilize, resistant to corrosion, non-absorbent, and resistant to processing temperature and heat treatment temperature if necessary; no harmful or harmful objects that exceed the number specified in the food hygiene standards Substances that are harmful to human health: should not interact with the filling liquid to produce substances that are harmful or exceed the quantity specified in the food hygiene standards and are harmful to human health and substances that affect the smell, color and quality of the filling liquid.
g) The parts on the surface of the filling liquid contact area should have good processing performance (flexibility, machinability, weldability, surface hardness, grinding and polishing, etc.), good thermal conductivity, corrosion resistance, and resistance to liquids. penetration resistance, etc. Reliable seals should be provided where external parts protrude into the filling area to avoid contamination of the filling liquid.
h) The surface of the non-filling liquid contact area shall be made of corrosion-resistant materials or be externally treated to resist corrosion from both the filling liquid and cleaning//disinfection. If the material is coated on the surface, its coating should be firmly adhered to the surface of the non-filling liquid contact area. The surface should have good anti-absorption, anti-penetration ability, durability and washability, and no effect on the filling liquid. contamination or no other adverse effects.
i) The contact surface of the splash area of the filling liquid should be made of corrosion-resistant materials, and it is also allowed to use corrosion-resistant materials coated on the surface. Good anti-absorption, anti-penetration ability, durable and washable.
3. The safety and hygiene of the structure of the filling and rotating machine shall meet the following requirements
a) The bearing in contact with the surface of the contact area of the filling liquid should be of the non-lubricant type. If a lubricant type bearing is used, there must be a reliable sealing device around the bearing to prevent the filling liquid from being contaminated.
b) The inner wall in contact with the filling liquid, the filling liquid conveying pipeline and the connecting parts should be smooth and smooth, and there should be no depressions and dead corners that retain the filling liquid. The welding seam should be ground and polished, and there should be no material gap.
c) Containers, pipes, valves, etc. that are in contact with the filling liquid or need to be cleaned by CIP are filled with protective welding, single-sided welding, double-sided molding, and can be pickled or polished to ensure that the inner surface is smooth and free of material gaps. The filling liquid contact area should not contaminate the filling liquid. The surface roughness Ra value of the container and valve shall not be greater than 08um, and the roughness Ra value of the non-filling liquid contact surface parts in the filling area shall not be greater than 32pm. The pipelines, valves and instruments that come into contact with the filling liquid should follow the process trend in the selection, design and installation. There is no filling liquid retention area in the normal production process, and no cleaning dead corners in the CP cleaning process.
d) The disassembly and installation of the parts that need to be cleaned but cannot be automatically cleaned in the filling and rotating machine must be simple and convenient; the non-removable parts should be automatically cleaned and the cleaning effect is good.
4. The safety requirements of the control system of the filling and rotating machine shall meet the following requirements
a) The manufacturing of the filling and rotating machine should fully consider the safety control of the production line to ensure the safety of production; the safety control must meet the requirements of the relevant safety standard level, that is, the SIL level, to ensure its safety.
b) In order to ensure personal and production safety, the safety-related control unit must adopt a safety circuit. The safety control loop adopts 24V safety voltage in principle.
c) Configure fail-safe controllers as required.
d) The emergency stop device shall be located at each operator’s control position (unless the risk assessment indicates that it is unnecessary), as well as other positions determined by the risk assessment, and marked with obvious signs, and its configuration shall be easily accessible. It should be configured so that it is easily accessible and there is no danger to the operator and others who need to operate it. Measures to prevent mishandling should not impair its accessibility.
e) All emergency stop devices must have dual independent loop circuits. Control circuits shall be designed so that failure of individual components does not affect emergency stop equipment. Elsewhere a single loop safety system is used.
f) One-day effective operation of the emergency stop or emergency disconnect actuator aborts the subsequent command, and the operation command is valid until reset.
Reset shall only be performed manually at the point where the emergency operation command was initiated. A commanded reset should not restart the machine, but only allow restarting.
g) The emergency stop function shall negate all other functions and operations in all working modes; the power to the mechanical actuating mechanism that can cause a dangerous situation shall be immediately removed or a controllable method of stopping the dangerous movement as soon as possible shall be adopted, and no other danger shall be caused .
h) There should be safety guardrails in the unmanned automatic station, and the population should have safety protection (such as gratings, safety doors, etc.), and the signals of the safety protection equipment should be interlocked with other equipment.
i) The installation positions of all control buttons and control valves and other components must avoid the situation that the equipment malfunctions due to the operator’s body being accidentally touched.
j) There should be flashing lights and sound warning signals when the automatic cycle of the filling and machine starts.
k) The safety circuit of the grating guard/grid/door is effective in both manual and automatic conditions. When the grating guard/grid/door is open, normal movement is inhibited by isolating the power source, which is also monitored by the security system.
5. Appearance quality requirements
The painted or sprayed layer of the non-processed surface of the filling and rotating machine should be smooth, uniform in color, and free from obvious defects such as dirt, flow marks, and blistering. The surface-treated parts of the 552 filling and rotating machine should be uniform in color and without defects such as blistering, layering, and rusting.
Test environment temperature 5 ℃ ~ 35 ℃.
The plastic screw caps and standard bottles with a filling capacity of 500mL used in the test shall comply with the relevant national and industry standards, and water or corresponding media can be used as standard filling liquids.
General Requirements Inspection
Dry running test
After each filling and rotating machine is assembled, it should be tested for dry running, and the continuous running time should not be less than 4h. Check the performance of the machine, and should meet the requirements of 512.
Air, liquid, conveying pipeline and lubrication system tightness inspection
The air circuit, liquid circuit, conveying pipeline and lubrication system of the filling and rotating machine can be checked for tightness by the following methods:
a) Gently wipe around the seal of the lubrication system with absorbent cotton, and observe whether there is any oil stain on the absorbent cotton, which should meet the requirements of 5.1.3.
b) Apply soapy water or washing water to the sealing parts of the pneumatic components, and observe whether there is air leakage, which should meet the requirements of 513.
c) After the hydraulic system is assembled, the pressure test should be performed at 125 times the rated pressure for 30 minutes. There should be no leakage, and the pressure drop should not exceed 5%, which should meet the requirements of 513.
d) Use absorbent cotton to gently wipe around the seal of the conveying pipeline to observe whether there is any material on the absorbent cotton, which should meet the requirements of 513
Production Capacity Test
After the filling and rotating machine is in normal operation, the total number of finished products that have been filled continuously for 10 minutes is counted according to formula (1) to calculate the production capacity, which should meet the requirements of 5.2.1.
V-production capacity, unit is bottle per hour (bottle/h);
M–total number of finished products filled, unit is bottle.
Production Efficiency Test
The test is carried out at the user’s site. After the filling and rotating machine is in normal operation, the total number of finished products that have been filled is counted continuously for 8 hours, and the production efficiency is calculated according to formula (2), which should meet the requirements of 5.21.
F-rated production capacity, the unit is bottle per hour (bottle/h); T-effective time, the unit is hour (h);
M – the total number of finished products filled, the unit is bottle.
The effective time T is the test time 8h minus the sum of all downtimes (∑t) of any mechanism during the test time not caused by the failure of the equipment itself, namely:
∑t-The sum of all downtimes of any institution not caused by the failure of the equipment itself, the unit is hour (h).
Residual water test
Prepare empty bottles with twice the number of rinse heads or prepare 1 group of 10 empty bottles at will, with no less than 5 groups at a time, and weigh each bottle with an electronic balance. In the stable running state of the filling and rotating machine, it is sent to the bottle washing device. After the bottle is rinsed, the outer surface is taken out and wiped dry, and then weighed bottle by bottle.
When the filling machine is running stably, 20 bottles soaked with sodium hydroxide solution with a mass concentration of 3% are sent to the bottle washing device. After the bottle is rinsed, the pH of the residual water on the inner surface of the bottle should be the same as that of the rinse water (pH 6.5~pH 7.0) by using the H test paper method to check the pH of the residual water outside the outlet of the rinse device.
Filling Accuracy Test
Filling finished products using the principle of flow weighing and volume control
The accuracy of the calibration scale is selected according to the maximum allowable error less than or equal to one third of the allowable deviation of the net content of the finished product to be tested, and the net content of the filling liquid is checked according to the provisions of Table 2. The measured net content of the filling liquid and the marked net content The difference in content shall comply with the provisions of 52.3a)
Finished batch N
Number of sampling bottles
|Average actual content correction value 0 · S)|
Allow a single bottle to exceed the filling accuracy of 1 times less than or equal to 2 times the number of bottles
Allows a single bottle to exceed the number of bottles 2 times the filling accuracy
|Correction factor||Actual content standard deviation|
|11～5 0||0||1 · 028||0|
|51～99||3||0 · 848||U)||1|
|100、500||口00||0 · 379||(f)||3|
|501、3 200||80||0 · 295||CD||5|
|greater than 3 200||125||0 · 234||CD||7|
|Note 1: The confidence level for this sampling plan is 99 5%.|
Note 2: When the batch size of an inspection batch is less than or equal to 10 bottles, only the actual content of each bottle is inspected and evaluated, and the average actual content is not calculated.
Calculate the average actual content according to formula (4)
q– the average actual content of the sampled finished product; qi- the actual net content of the filling liquid; n– the number of sampling bottles.
The average actual content should meet the requirements of formula (5):
Filling finished products using the principle of level control
After the filling and rotating machine runs normally, it runs continuously for 8 hours at the rated speed, and randomly extracts 1000 sample bottles. Use a depth gauge with a minimum division value of 1mm to measure the liquid level of the standard volumetric sample bottle as the standard liquid level. Measure the filling level height of the sample bottle and compare it with the standard liquid level height of the standard volume sample bottle, which should meet the requirements of 5.2.3b).
Note: The standard volume sample bottle is the finished product with the standard volume of the same batch of filling liquid in the same batch of bottles
Liquid loss rate test for user acceptance
The test is carried out at the user’s site. After the filling and rotating machine is in normal operation, record the total amount of filling liquid and the total liquid volume in the filling bottle for 8 hours (can be carried out at the same time as the 632 test). Calculate the liquid loss rate according to formula (6), which should meet the requirements of 52.4 Provisions.
D–liquid loss rate %;
G–The total volume of liquid in the 8h filling bottle, the unit is liter (L); G–The total amount of filling liquid, the unit is liter (L).
Bottle damage rate test for user acceptance
The test is carried out at the user’s site. After the filling machine is in normal operation (it can be carried out at the same time as the 632 test), the total number of bottles and the number of damaged bottles input into the filling machine within 8 hours are counted (the bottles damaged due to the poor quality of the bottles themselves are not counted) Calculate the bottle damage rate according to formula (7), which should meet the requirements of 5.2.5.
P–bottle damage rate, %;
p–the unit of bottle damage is bottle; p-total number of bottles, the unit is bottle.
Cover loss rate test for user acceptance
The test is carried out at the user’s site. After the filling machine runs normally (it can be carried out at the same time as the 632 test), the total number of bottle caps and the number of damaged bottle caps input into the filling and turning machine within 8 hours (the ones that are damaged due to the poor quality of the bottle caps themselves) are counted. Included) Calculate the cover loss rate according to formula (8), which shall meet the requirements of 5.2.6.
R–cover loss rate,%;
f–the number of cover losses, the unit is pieces; f–the total number of covers, the unit is pieces.
Bottle cap opening torque test
When the filling machine is in normal operation, the sample bottles with twice the number of capping heads are continuously taken each time, and the sampling interval is 5 minutes, and a total of 10 samples are taken.
When the filling and rotating machine is in normal operation, the sample bottles with twice the number of capping heads are continuously extracted each time, and the sampling time interval is 5 minutes, and a total of 10 times are extracted. Carry out the tightness test according to the requirements of GB/T17876, which shall meet the requirements of 52.9.
6311 Carbon dioxide gas capacity check
According to the provisions of GB/T10792-2008 in 621 to measure the carbon dioxide gas capacity, it should meet the provisions of 52.10.
Finished product qualification rate test
Finished Appearance Quality Inspection
The test is carried out at the user’s site. The filling and rotating machine runs continuously for 8 hours at the rated speed (can be carried out at the same time as the 632 test), and 1000 sample bottles are randomly selected, which should meet the requirements of 527, and count the number of unqualified products a1.
Filling liquid level difference test
Take the sample bottle with qualified appearance quality and measure the filling liquid level according to the test method given in 6352, which should meet the requirements of 52.3b), and count the number of unqualified products a2 with the filling liquid level difference.
Calculate the qualified rate of finished products according to formula
K–the qualified rate of finished products, %;
a1–the number of unqualified products in appearance quality of finished products, the unit is bottle; a2–the number of unqualified products with filling liquid level difference, the unit is bottle. The calculation results should comply with the provisions of 5211.
During continuous operation, the noise of the filling machine shall be measured according to the method specified in JB/T7232, and its noise value shall meet the requirements of 5.2.12.
Electrical safety test
Use an insulation resistance meter to measure the insulation resistance according to the provisions of 183 in GB52261-2008, which shall comply with the provisions of 532.
When the power supply of the electrical installation is cut off, the constant current is obtained from the power supply with a no-load voltage not exceeding 12V (AC or DC), and the current is equal to 15 times the rated current or 25A (whichever is the greater). , allowing the current to alternate between the ground terminal and each accessible metal part.
Measure the voltage drop between the ground terminal and each accessible metal part, and calculate the resistance value from the current and voltage drop, which shall comply with the provisions of 53.3.
Use a withstand voltage tester to do a withstand voltage test according to the provisions of 184 in GB52261-2008, which shall comply with the provisions of 5.34.
Inspection of safety and hygiene requirements
Check the safety guards, which shall comply with the provisions of 541.
The inspection report on machine material and the quality certificate shall comply with the provisions of 542 and 543.
Appearance quality inspection
To check the appearance quality of the machine, it should meet the requirements of 5.5.
7.1 Factory inspection
711 Each filling and rotating machine shall be subject to factory inspection and inspection items as specified in Table 3
|Identify category||Test method|
|Type test||Factory inspection|
|1||Electric full test|
|2||Dry running experiment||6·2·1|
and lubrication system seals
|4||production capacity test||6·3·1|
|5||Production efficiency test|
6 · 3 · 2 (at the user’s site)
|6||Residual water test||6·3·3|
|7||flush rate test||6·3·|
|8||Filling accuracy test||6·3·5|
|9||Liquid loss rate test|
6 · 3 · 6 (at the user’s site)
|10||Bottle damage rate test|
6 · 3 · 7 (at the user’s site)
|11||Cover loss rate test|
6 · 3 · 8 (at the user’s site)
|12||Bottle cap opening torque test|
6 · 3 · 10 (at the user’s site)
|14||Carbon dioxide gas volume check|
6. 3. 11 (at the user’s site)
|15||Finished product qualification rate test|
6. 3.12 (to be carried out at the user’s site)
|6 · 3 · 1 3|
|17||security check||6. 5.1|
|19||Appearance quality inspection|
|20||Product Labels and Technical Documents||8 1, 8 2 6|
7 · 1 · 2 Each filling and rotating machine should be inspected and qualified by the quality inspection department of the manufacturer according to this standard, and can only leave the factory with a product qualification certificate.
7 · 2 Type inspection
7 · 2 · 1 Type inspection shall be carried out under one of the following circumstances:
a) Trial type identification of old products transferred to factories or new products;
b) After formal production, if there are big differences in material, structure and process, it may affect the performance of the product;
c) During normal production, inspection should be carried out once a year on a regular basis or after accumulating a certain amount of output;
d) The product resumes production after a long-term shutdown;
e) There is a big difference between the factory inspection results and the last type inspection;
f) The national quality supervision agency proposes type inspection requirements.
7 · 2 · 2 Type inspection shall comply with the provisions of Chapter 5. The inspection items are shown in Table 3. All inspection items are qualified for the type inspection. In the type inspection, if one of the continuity, insulation resistance, and withstand voltage tests of the protective connection circuit of the electrical system fails, it is judged to be unqualified in the type inspection. If one of the other items is unqualified, the unqualified items should be re-tested twice.
Marks Packaging, Transportation and Storage
The size and technical requirements of the signs and signs should be fixed in the obvious parts of the filling and rotating machine according to the provisions of GB/T13306. At least the following shall be indicated on the sign:
a) product model; b) product name;
c) Product implementation standards;
d) Main technical parameters of the product; e) Date of manufacture and serial number;
f) The name and location of the manufacturer (export products are marked with “People’s Republic of China”).
82.1 The transport packaging of the Brigade Machine shall comply with the provisions of GB/T13384.
82.2 The exposed processing surface of the filling and rotating machine should be treated with anti-rust treatment before packaging.
82.3 The packing box of the filling and rotating machine shall be firm and reliable, and shall meet the requirements of transportation, loading and unloading.
8.2.4 The packing box should have reliable moisture-proof measures.
8.2.5 The special tools and wearing parts of the filling and rotating machine should be packed and fixed in the packing box.
8.2.6 The technical documents should be properly packaged and placed in the box, including:
a) product certificate;
b) Product instruction manual (written in accordance with the provisions of GB/T9969);
c) Packing List.
8.2.7 The outer surface of the packing box shall be clearly marked with the signs of delivery and transportation operations, and shall comply with the provisions of GB/T191.
Transportation and storage
8.3.1 The filling and rotating machine should be handled with care during transportation, and inversion and collision are not allowed.
8.3.2 The filling and rotating machine should be stored in a dry and ventilated place.